Observing Live connectivity status in Jetpack Compose way!

Observing Live connectivity status in Jetpack Compose way!

Let’s see how to observe connectivity in Jetpack Compose way 🚗

Hey Composers 👋, there are very rare mobile applications in today’s world that don’t use Internet connectivity for the execution of business. It’s now almost the need of every app. Also, some apps provide offline capabilities in the application so users can still interact with the app even if connectivity is not present.

While developing such apps, we also need to show the network status in the app so that users can aware of the current situation and can act accordingly. It becomes needed to show network status if connectivity changes from connected to a not-connected state and vice versa. In this article, we’ll implement live connectivity status and showing it in Jetpack Compose in its own beautiful way!

🏃Get Started

So let’s start the implementation. Considering you have created a boilerplate setup of the Jetpack Compose application, let’s directly move to the main part of the application.

Core utilities

First of all, let’s create core utilities for observing the network connectivity. Add a sealed model for holding connectivity status details as follows.

Sometimes, we don’t need to observe connectivity but we need to know the status of connectivity in a single shot. So let’s create a utility for getting the current connectivity status.

This way, we can check if the current network having internet capability or not. Here, we created a separate function getCurrentConnectivityState() for re-usability purposes (we’ll see its usage).

Now, on Context instance, we can directly access the current connectivity status by accessing currentConnectivityState extension member which we just created 👆.

Now, let’s create a utility for observing LIVE 🔴 network connectivity changes!

Here, we are using callbackFlow{}, which is a cold🌊 stream by which we can remove observer on cancellation with awaitClose() as you can see. Once we start collecting flow, live updates of the connectivity state will be sent over this flow and updates will be unregistered once the flow collector cancels the subscription.

Now we are done with the core utility needs.

Compose utilities

Now let’s start developing Compose utilities for observing connectivity changes. In the previous part, we created core Android utilities. Since we want to use it in our Compose application, we need to convert it for Compose. Also, we are using Flow for observing connectivity, we need to leverage coroutines here.

For this, we’ll utilize produceState(), which launches coroutine scoped to the Composition which holds the State. It’ll be automatically get cancelled once it leaves the composition.

As you can see, we created a Composable function that returns the Connectivity state. In the produceState(), we are subscribing to the previously created core utility Flow and setting State’s value on collecting every connectivity state.

Note: Under the hood, produceState makes use of other effects! It holds a result variable using remember { mutableStateOf(initialValue) }, and triggers the producer block in a LaunchedEffect. Whenever value is updated in the producer block, the result state is updated to the new value. (reference).

We are done with the development of composable utility

Usage in Compose

Thus, the utility is now ready to be used in the Compose functions. Just plug it and see magic 👽. On UI, you can use it like 👇

Yep, that’s it😍. You can see its actual usage in one of my projects i.e. NotyKT. Here’s the sample outcome of this from the above-mentioned project.

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Note: Here, I’ve simulated network connectivity change with the help of emulator extended controls without using the system drawer since I’m showing the change in the top part of the application).

I hope you enjoyed reading this article and you liked it 😄.

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